Bourbon variety is supposed to be a natural mutation of varieties that emerged from the ancient species, Coffea Arabica, in Ethiopia and Yemen. From Arabica species, Typica variety emerged and turned into the archetype of the great majority of varieties that have evolved from Ethiopia; and Bourbon variety, the one that emerged from Bourbon Island, where the first coffee bushes, from Louis XIV, were planted.
According to an historical version, when Treaty of Utretch ends the War of the Spanish Succession in 1714, Amsterdam’s burgomaster, sends to french Monarch a coffee bush as a gift. Dutch had taken smuggled coffee seeds through Moka port in Yemen, and had planted them in Ceilán and Java, where coffee was commercially cultivated in 1690. From there, they took coffee bushes to Amsterdam and one of these went to Jardin des Plants, in Paris, under the order of Louis XIV.
It is said that 24 coffee bushes were sent to the French Monarch from Yemen, and that from Paris they were taken to Bourbon Island, where after 9 years Bourbon variety mutated from Arabica original bushes. Between 1860 and 1870, this wonderful species expanded from Bourbon Island to Central America, Colombia and Brazil.
Bourbons are plants of high freightage that need pruning in order to regulate its growth. Under the farm conditions are highly productive and are coffees with a good level of sweetness, notes and arome of fruits and caramel. These are collected in an appropriate ripeness state and are put into a controlled fermentation process that contributes to obtain a round, complex, balanced flavour cup.